Recreation and Wellness

» SPSU Home / Recreational Sports / Wellness / Nutrition: Where's your Fat?

Nutrition: Where's your Fat?

Body copy 

Where’s your fat?

ANDROID: Abdomial Fat                 

GYNOID: Low-Body Fat 

 Men have a higher occurrence of fat in the abdominal region

(a.k.a. “BEER BELLY”), while women have the development of fat at the hip, thigh, and buttocks areas (as well as “sex-specific” or reproductive fat in the lower pelvic area).

 

But I gain weight in other areas!

This is not always the case. There are many individuals that have fat in different places.  But the main idea is that ANY excess fat beyond a normal mean, can be unhealthy.

 

How do I find out what is healthy?

The main idea is that your body is individual to you, and so should your fat percentage.  The formulas that are used to determine body fat take the sex of the individual in account as well as the location of the fat.

Have your Body Fat done by an Exercise Physiologist.

 

But most importantly calculate your Waist-to-Hip ratio to find out where the majority of your body fat lies.

Ok, so you have established where your fat lies, now what can you do about it?

First, determine if your weight is fat or muscle.

Second, analyze your eating and activity levels, either meeting with an trainer or a dietician.

Then, determine the changes necessary. That is where we come in. Ask for help.

FAT FACTS

  •    Abdominal Adipose tissue is fat located within the abdominal cavity (not subcutaneous)
  • The proportion of total fat located intra-abdominally is twice as high in men then women
  •   There is a higher incidence of disease with abdominal fat Vs other fat
  •  Visceral fat (abdominal fat) carries higher risk of:
  1. Heart Disease
  2.   Diabetes
  3.   Hypertension

 A word of caution… 

It is the visceral fat that appears to be the most strongly related to negative outcomes. 

The fat cells that are in the abdominal region release and take in fat more readily than other cells.

 

Metabolic Syndrome

A cluster of Coronary Heart Disease and Diabetes risk factors thought to be attributed to insulin resistance in target organs.

 

May predispose adults to various ailments such as cardiovascular disease, Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Stroke.

 

The excess stomach fat is the major contributing factor in this Syndrome X

 

Exercise plays an increasingly important role in the management of this collective disease. 

Obesity, per se, is not the cause of the associated diseases.

  •   Physical inactivity and consumption of a high-fat, high-sugar diet are the principle causes. 
  • Fatness is a symptom of a lifestyle that promotes the metabolic syndrome and disease, not the problem.
  • Overweight people who exercise regularly and who are fit have lower death rates than people who do not exercise. 

 
Symptoms of the Metabolic Syndrome (insulin resistance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure) can be reduced or eliminated through regular exercise and consumption of a low-fat, low-sugar diet, with maintenance of a reasonable weight.

 

Thanks to the research efforts of

Dr. Kirk Cureton, Ph.D., The University of Georgia

And

Dr. Glenn Gaesser, Ph.D., The University of Virginia

here.
 ©